Thermoplastics from Soy Protein: A Review on Processing, Blends and Composites
There is an increased demand for biobased polymers due to uncertainty over fossil resources and also environmental concerns. Plant based raw material such as starch and protein are high in demand for material applications, due to their easy availability and biodegradability. Among various proteineous materials available, soy protein has a potentiality for wide range of uses right from packaging to ballistic applications. However, due to the presence of various crosslinking via hydrogen bonding, disulphide bridges and hydrophobic interactions within protein chains makes it difficult for processing. This can be overcome by understanding the physicochemical nature of the soy protein and using different plasticizers. The current work reviews the techniques used to improve the processability of soy protein, soy protein based blends, composites and nanocomposites.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: December 1, 2010
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- The goal of the creation of a biobased economy is challenging to agriculture, forestry, academia, government and industry. The extractable resources of the Earth are finite, regardless of the quibble over when they will be depleted. The economic, political and social demands for biobased chemicals, materials and energy are expected to radically transform the materials industries, particularly the plastics industry as well as the biofuel industry. These changes will be based on the principles of sustainability, eco-efficiency, industrial ecology, and green chemistry and engineering. In keeping with the growth of knowledge in this field, there is a strong need for a forum to share original research related to biobased materials and bioenergy. The Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy (JBMB) has been created as an international peer-reviewed periodical to fulfill the need for communication in these research areas. This journal will encompass related research activities in all fields of science, engineering and the life sciences.
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