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Comparative Study on the Sunlight Penetration Extent on High-Rise Apartment Facades with Early Modern Architectural Style Design in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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The study analyses and discusses the extent of sunlight penetration on the front building’s facades in the tropical region. Three high-rise apartment buildings designed with early modern architectural style in Kuala Lumpur were selected to be the case studies in this research. The early modern architectural style was the popular style of the residential building in the 1950s to 1970s, the concept behind emphasizes the government on the early modern style at that era was to provide the maximum number of houses to the people. Three residential high-rise buildings with early modern architectural style were selected to be the case studies in this research. All of the three case studies are located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, The selected apartments namely Melati, Sri Selangor and Sri Sarawak. The study uses SunTool software to conduct the simulation for measuring the extent of sunlight penetration. The research finds that the early modern architectural style is able to provide an excellent shading performance, the fa├žade design, and the open corridor system is very efficient to prevent the unnecessary direct sunlight from penetrating into the apartments during the high intense sunlight hours. The maximum extent sunlight penetration in the early morning and the late evening hours is due to the low angle of the sun position. However, this direct sunlight is low intense, so it is acceptable and important for the human being bodies.
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Keywords: Early Modern Style; High-Rise Building; Kuala Lumpur; Sunlight Penetration

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia 2: Architect, Faculty of Architecture, Ittihad Private University, Aleppo, Syria

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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