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Crawling Social Media to Create Morphological Resource of Under-Resourced Language: Melanau Language

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To build a morphological analyser for under-resourced language, a creation of morphological resource is required. With a limitation of morphological resource in digital format, a digitisation process, which is time-consuming and a tedious task, is used to create the resources. An objective of this work is to develop new steps in creating the morphological resources from social media. The steps comprise of crawling of the blogs and tweets. A limited list of words of the under-resourced language was used to reduce the number of crawled web pages. Then, the crawled pages and tweets were normalised. This step cleaned and transformed the crawled data with informal and noisy nature into a cleaned wordlist for the next process, which is dictionary lookup validation. Lastly, the validation of wordlist was carried out due to languages mixing that caused uncertainty of spelling standard. At this stage, edit distance algorithms, namely, Jaro-Winkler is applied to determine an accuracy of the spelling standard by comparing with the dictionary. The findings suggest that the availability of huge amount of dictionary word entries could improve the accuracy of the poor results. It is recommended that the developed steps can assist other researchers to create validated morphological resources or even language resources for the under-resourced languages.
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Keywords: Morphological Resource; Social Media; Under-Resourced Language

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Computing and Informatics, Multimedia University, Persiaran Multimedia, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia 2: Department of Information System, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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