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Economic and Emission Load Dispatch Solution via Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm

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The Economic Load Dispatch (ELD) is considered to minimize the only fuel cost in power system planning and operation. Due to environmental issues, the emission amount released by thermal power generation should be considered in minimizing the total cost generation as well. This make the power dispatch problem become multi-objective problem that called Economic and Emission Load Dispatch (EELD). This paper investigates the performances of Artificial Bee colony (ABC) algorithm for determining optimal solution for EELD problem. In this paper, the EELD problem is formulated as a single objective problem by taking minimization of total cost and emission level as separated objective. The cost characteristic of thermal generator considered the effect of opening and closing of the valve for practical application. The ABC algorithm has been tested on standard test systems which is 10-generating unit test system in order to validate the effectiveness of proposed ABC algorithm. The results obtained have been compared with reported result by other methods in literature. From the result, it found that ABC algorithm is better than other methods for minimizing fuel cost of thermal power generation and obtained comparative results in reducing the emission level.
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Keywords: Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm; Economic and Emission Load Dispatch; Optimization Method

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja, 86400 Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia 2: Power System and High Voltage Group, School of Electrical System Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia 3: Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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