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Safety Performance in the Workplace: A Proposed Model for Understanding the Influencing Factors on Safety Climate

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The purpose of this paper is to review previous research about safety climate and safety performance and to propose a model for the influencing factors that might impact safety climate and safety performance. The paper asks: What is the effect of influencing factors on safety climate? Does safety climate influence safety performance? We develop a model based on a review of previous research on safety-specific transformational leadership (SSTL), perceived colleagues’ safety knowledge or behaviour (PCSK/B) and conscientiousness on safety climate and performance at the workplace. The model can be used to systematically evaluate safety climate and performance in manufacturing organizations. This research stream has important implications as it may assist top managers, human resource managers, employees as a whole, as well as policy makers in identifying areas that require attention for improving levels of safety performance in the workplace.
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Keywords: Conscientiousness; Perceived Colleagues’; Safety Climate; Safety Knowledge or Behaviour (PCSK/B); Safety Performance; Safety-Specific Transformational Leadership (SSTL)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Maritime Business and Management, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia 2: Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia 3: Tecnologico de Monterrey, Dep. de Gestion Empresarial y Talento Humano, Av. E. Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Monterrey, NL, 64849, Mexico

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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  • ADVANCED SCIENCE LETTERS is an international peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Biological Sciences, (3) Mathematical Sciences, (4) Engineering, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, and (6) Geosciences to publish original short communications, full research papers and timely brief (mini) reviews with authors photo and biography encompassing the basic and applied research and current developments in educational aspects of these scientific areas.
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