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Psychological Safety of Oil and Gas Workers in the Conditions of Group Isolation of the Arctic

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The study was sponsored by the RF President’s grant for state support of young Russian scientists-Ph.D. (MK-7500.2016.6). The research is concerned with the justification of a model of psychological safety of oil and gas workers in the Arctic. The study was conducted at an oil and gas facility with a watch-based method of labor organization in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (duration of a rotation shift is 30 days). The study involved 70 persons at the ages from 24 to 60 years (average age 38.7±1.3). The methods are as follows: study of documentation, monitoring of work process, questionnaires, psycho-physiological and psychological testing, and statistical methods of data analysis. In this research, the components of psychological safety of oil and gas workers of different professional groups (operators of oil and gas, boiler operators, drivers, engineers and technical workers, maintenance specialists) in the Arctic were empirically studied and characterized. The psychological level of functional state was expressed in economical adaptive strategy mainly on the basis of results gained from the study of operators of treatment facilities and boiler houses, engineering and technical staff and maintenance staff. On the contrary, the emergency strategy was defined in the course of the study of operators of oil and gas. Low psycho-physiological levels of functional states were noted among drivers and operators of treatment facilities and boiler houses. Higher rates of this component of psychological safety were found among engineering and technical personnel, oil and gas operators, as well as maintenance specialists. Among the components of psychological safety related to the psychic structure of the regulation, there are no strong differences between workers belonging to one group or another, depending on job. In all occupational groups there is a predominance of a higher and more differentiated assessment of the impact of adverse factors and potential hazards during the rotation shift and moderately high self-assessments of competence. However, the component of the image of the subject–object and subject–subject relations shows a predominantly negative evaluation of socio-psychological environment mostly among drivers, in other groups of specialists the attitude was neutral or positive.
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Keywords: Isolation of Group; Oil and Gas Extraction; Psychological Safety; Shift Work

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Psychology Department, Northern (Arctic) Federal University Named After M.V. Lomonosov, Arkhangelsk 163002, Russia

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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