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The Influence of Teachers’ Competency Test Score Inequality, Government Expenditure in Education Sector, and Specific Allocation Fund of Education Against National Exam Inequality in Indonesia

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In the end of 2015 is the time for Indonesia to enter the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) that will integrate with 10 Southeast Asia countries. AEC itself is expected can bring Indonesian economy to be better by expanding the market share. The applicability of AEC not only affects the free trade sectors, but also makes a various workers from ASEAN countries can compete to fill a variety sectors across the ASEAN countries. To be able to compete with other ASEAN countries, Indonesia must have qualified human resources. One of the ways that could be done is through the development of education in Indonesia in order to make high quality human resources. Meanwhile there are still a lot of inequality in Indonesia, both educational inequality and economic inequality itself. This study aims to determine the inequality of education and economic development within the framework of the preparation of AEC. The research methods used are descriptive statistics and statistical inference to know the relationships between the variables. The variables are National Exam on the other variables: Teachers’ Competency Test score, government expenditure in education sector (GE), Specific Allocation Fund of education. The study was conducted in 33 provinces of Indonesia in 2012–2013. From the results of the estimation using Eviews 7 software, are known that economic inequality education inequality variable positively affects UN inequality.
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Keywords: Government Expenditure in Education Sector; National Exam; Specific Allocation Fund of Education; Teachers’ Competency Test Score

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Study Program of Economics Education, Department of Economics and Administration, Faculty of Economics, State University of Jakarta, Indonesia

Publication date: 01 January 2017

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