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Free Content Neuroimaging in Accidental Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review and Update

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Neuroimaging plays a critical role in the management of traumatic brain injury in children. It aids in the detection of injury and its complications, in the direction of treatment, and in the prediction of outcomes. CT remains the screening tool of choice in acute pediatric traumatic brain injury, despite radiation exposure concerns. MR imaging is increasingly being used in the evaluation of pediatric traumatic brain injury to determine the full extent of the injury and to follow up on injuries detected with initial CT. The use of advanced neuroimaging techniques in predicting clinical outcomes is also under investigation. In this article, we reviewed the common imaging findings in pediatric traumatic brain injury and new developments in traumatic brain injury imaging.

Learning Objective: Describe the conventional imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in children and discuss the roles of both conventional and advanced neuroimaging techniques in pediatric traumatic brain injury.
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Keywords: ASL = arterial spin labeling; DAI = diffuse axonal injury; EDH = epidural hematoma; GRE = gradient echo; SDH = subdural hematoma; TBI = traumatic brain injury

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • Neurographics is the peer-reviewed, bimonthly educational journal of the American Society of Neuroradiology. The journal comprises articles selected from material presented at the ASNR Annual Meeting. Neurographics also publishes other high-quality submissions that are primarily educational and have a high emphasis on a pictorial approach. Neurographics offers CME credit for reading review articles and completing quiz-based self-assessment activities.

    Visit to view all available CME courses.

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