Autoimmune-Mediated Encephalopathy: Classification, Evaluation, and MR Imaging Patterns of Disease
Keywords: 18F-FDG PET = fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose‐positron-emission tomography; AME = autoimmune-mediated encephalopathy; AMPAR = α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor; ANNA-1 = antineuronal nuclear antibody type 1; CEC = celiac disease, epilepsy, cerebral calcifications; CNS = central nervous system; CRMP-5 = collapsin response-mediator protein-5; EEG = electroencephalography; FLAIR = fluid-attenuated inversion recovery; GABA = γ-aminobutyric acid; GABABR = γ-aminobutyric acid receptor B; GAD = glutamic acid decarboxylase; HE = Hashimoto's encephalopathy; HIV = human immunodeficiency virus; HSV = herpes simplex virus; IVIG = intravenous immunoglobulin; IgA = immunoglobulin A; IgG = immunoglobulin G; LGI1 = leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1; MRI = MR imaging; N/A = not applicable; NMDAR = N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor; SCLC = small cell lung carcinoma; SIADH = syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone secretion; SLE = systemic lupus erythematosus; TG = thyroglobulin; TPO = thyroperoxidase; TTG = transglutaminase; VGKC = voltage-gated potassium channel; anti-TG = anti-thyroglobulin; anti-TPO = anti-thyroperoxidase; anti-TTG = anti-transglutaminase
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2011
Neurographics is the peer-reviewed, bimonthly educational journal of the American Society of Neuroradiology. The journal comprises articles selected from material presented at the ASNR Annual Meeting. Neurographics also publishes other high-quality submissions that are primarily educational and have a high emphasis on a pictorial approach. Neurographics offers CME credit for reading review articles and completing quiz-based self-assessment activities.
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