Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Age-Related Vision Problems in Commuter and Air Taxi Pilots: A Study of 3019 Pilots, 1987-1997

Buy Article:

$22.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Rebok GW, Qiang Y, Baker SP, Li G. Age-related vision problems in commuter and air taxi pilots: a study of 3019 pilots, 1987-1997. Aviat Space Environ Med 2007; 78:706–711.



Introduction: Vision problems have become an increasingly important health and safety concern for pilots due to the aging of the pilot population. This paper examines the incidence of age-related vision problems in a birth cohort of commuter air carrier and air taxi pilots. Methods: A cohort of 3019 male pilots ages 45–54 yr at baseline and holding Class I medical certificates in 1987 were retrospectively studied from 1987 to 1997 through the medical certification system of the Federal Aviation Administration. Poisson regression modeling based on generalized estimation equations was used to assess the associations of pilot characteristics with risk of developing vision problems. Results: The study period accumulated 419 incident cases of vision problems, yielding an incidence of 20.3 per 1000 person-years. For pilots ages 45–49, 50–54, 55–59, and 60–64, the incidence of vision problems was 17, 20, 24, and 39 per 1000 person-years, respectively. A baseline history of eye problems and older age were each significantly associated with an increased incidence of vision problems. The adjusted relative risks of vision problems for pilot age were 1.0 (45–49 yr), 1.2 (50–54 yr), 1.4 (55–59 yr), and 3.0 (60–64 yr). The three most prevalent types of visual problems were corneal problems (16%), glaucoma (15%), and cataracts (7%). Conclusion: Identifying and preventing pathological changes that alter visual performance among pilots is an important component of aviation safety. With the increasing maturity of the pilot population, it is essential that appropriate visual screening and correction be emphasized for specific age-related ophthalmic conditions.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: aging; aviation; eye disease; safety; vision problems

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 July 2007

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more