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Validation of Biomode S.A. Probe4CronobacterTM for the Identification of Cronobacter spp.

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Background: Probe4Cronobacter test kit is based on the use of a fluorescence-labeled peptide nucleic acid probe (PNA) allied to fluorescence microscopy. A sample is taken after a 24 h enrichment of rehydrated 30 g portions of powdered infant formula (PIF). The method uses ready to use dropper solutions applied directly in the sample. This simple process takes less than 2 h to provide a result. In the presence of Cronobacter species, bright red rod-shaped cells will be visible under a fluorescence microscope. Objective: Probe4Cronobacter validation as a new method for the detection Cronobacter species in Powdered Infant Formula (PIF) under the AOAC Performance Tested Methods SM (License No. 081702). Methods: The validation study encompassed matrix comparison study, inclusivity and exclusivity testing and robustness studies (stability, kit variation, and ruggedness). Results: The inclusivity and exclusivity testing (50 and 35 strains, respectively) yielded no false negative or false positive results. Probe4Cronobacter was compared to the ISO/TS 22964:2006 in 30 g of PIF samples within method comparison in an unpaired study. A total of 30 samples with both low and high level of inoculation were analyzed by Probe4Cronobacter and compared to the same number of samples screened by ISO/TS 22964:2006. No statistically significant differences between presumptive and confirmed results or between candidate and reference method results were observed. Robustness studies showed a high level of consistency and integrity of the kit when different parameters were varied. The deviation conditions tested did not affect the performance of the kit. Conclusions: Probe4Cronobacter test kit has shown to be a accurate, highly sensitive and robust methods for the detection of Cronobacter spp. in PIF samples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: 2: Q Laboratories, Inc., 1400 Harrison Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45214 3: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy, College Park, MD 20740 4: Brodsky Consultants, 73 Donnamora Crescent, Thornhill, ON L3T 4K6, Canada 5: University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd E, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada

Publication date: May 1, 2019

This article was made available online on November 20, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Validation of Biomode S.A. Probe4CronobacterTM for the Identification of Cronobacter spp. By AOAC Research Institute".

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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