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Comparison of Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Sensitive and Quantitative Detection of Hazelnuts in Nut Pastes

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Background: Hazelnuts, being a frequent agent of allergenic reactions, need to be detected in food products. Thus, it is necessary to develop and further investigate appropriate methods for detection. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the analysis of nut pastes (peanut paste spiked with different amounts of hazelnut paste) as a model of contamination of confectionery. Methods: Real-time PCR and sandwich ELISA (RidaScreen Hazelnut Fast Kit) were used. Results: For real-time PCR, LOQ of 2 mg/kg and a quantification range from 2 to 10 000 mg/kg were determined. For ELISA, LOQ of 1 mg/kg and a quantification range from 1 to 100 mg/kg were determined. Conclusions: The comparison shows that the methods had comparable sensitivity with LOQs in the same order of magnitude. Although ELISA was slightly more sensitive, it required dilution of samples at higher concentrations of the analyte because of its narrow quantification range. Results of this study suggest that real-time PCR and ELISA are both suitable methods for the analysis of nut pastes over a wide range of concentrations. Achieved results could be useful for control as well as for technological purposes. Highlights: Real-time PCR analysis of peanut paste spiked with different amounts of hazelnut paste as a model is proposed. Sandwich ELISA analysis of peanut paste spiked with different amounts of hazelnut paste as a model is proposed. The analytical parameters of real-time PCR and ELISA methods are compared.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Food Research Institute, National Agricultural and Food Centre, Department of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Priemyselná 4, 824 75 Bratislava, Slovakia 2: National Agricultural and Food Centre, Hlohovecká 2, 951 41 Lužianky, Slovakia

Publication date: November 1, 2018

This article was made available online on May 9, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Comparison of Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Sensitive and Quantitative Detection of Hazelnuts in Nut Pastes".

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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