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Open Access Simultaneous Analysis of Oil-Soluble, Basic, and Acidic Illegal Dyes in Foods Using Liquid Chromatography–Diode-Array Detection

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A method for simutaneously detecting 8 oil-soluble and 10 water-soluble (3 basic and 7 acidic) illegal dyes in foods was developed. The sample was mixed with water, followed by methanol and tetrahydrofuran. Transesterification with sodium methoxide was applied to the mixture, which allowed the triglycerides in the sample to be converted to fatty acid methyl esters. This treatment resulted in a biphasic mixture. Oil-soluble dyes and fatty acid methyl esters were deposited in the upper organic phase, which was cleaned using a silica-gel solid-phase extraction (SPE) column to remove the fatty acid methyl esters from the solution. The water-soluble dyes were deposited in the aqueous phase, and an Oasis hydrophilic–lipophilic-balanced SPE column was used to remove polar matrix components from the solution. The resulting dyes were subsequently analyzed via LC–diode-array detection using a single method. The practical LODs of the samples were defined as the lowest spiked dye concentrations at which the similarity coefficient for the spectra of the LC test solution and the corresponding reference standard solution were greater than 0.99, thus affording LODs of 0.5–1.0 µg/g. Recoveries of the dyes at a spiking level of 5.0 µg/g from soft drink, chili sauce, and mustard were generally greater than 70%. Recoveries from paprika powder were between 33 and 103%.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health, 3-24-1 Hyakunin-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0073, Japan

Publication date: July 1, 2017

This article was made available online on February 25, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Simultaneous Analysis of Oil-Soluble, Basic, and Acidic Illegal Dyes in Foods Using Liquid Chromatography–Diode-Array Detection".

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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