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Open Access Fast Gas Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants and Organophosphorus and Synthetic Pyrethroid Pesticides in Indian Prawn (Fenneropenaeus indicus) in Compliance with the EU-MRLs

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A fast GC with tandem MS method was developed and validated for multiresidue determination of 95 chemical contaminants (24 synthetic pyrethroids, 17 organochlorines, 17 organophosphorus compounds, 18 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and 19 polychlorinated biphenyls) in Indian prawns (Fenneropenaeus indicus) as per the European Union maximum residual limit requirements. Chromatographic separation and MS determination were achieved within a short run time of 18 min, without compromising sensitivity and specificity. Our findings revealed a 2.5× reduction in the run time compared with conventional GC methods. Sample preparation involved a QuEChERS-based extraction of 10 g sample with 10 mL acidified acetonitrile (1% acetic acid) and phase separation with 6 g anhydrous magnesium sulfate and 1.5 g sodium acetate. The extract was cleaned in two steps, first by dispersive cleanup with primary secondary amine and then by C18 SPE cartridge. The regression coefficients of linearity (r2) for the concentration range of 5–50 ng/mL were >0.99 for all the compounds. Recoveries at 5 and 10 ng/g levels were within the acceptable range of 70–120%. The repeatability (RSDr) and within-laboratory reproducibility (RSDwR) precisions were ≤20%. The method was successfully applied for analysis of the real world samples for incurred residues.

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Document Type: Editorial

Affiliations: 1: Ramnarain Ruia College, Department of Chemistry, Mumbai 400 019, India 2: Shimadzu Analytical (India) Pvt. Ltd, 1-A/B, Rushabh Chambers, Andheri-East, Mumbai 400 059, India

Publication date: May 1, 2017

This article was made available online on March 16, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Fast Gas Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants and Organophosphorus and Synthetic Pyrethroid Pesticides in Indian Prawn (Fenneropenaeus indicus) in Compliance with the EU-MRLs".

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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