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Use of Nanoporous Cu(II) Ion Imprinted Polymer as a New Sorbent for Preconcentration of Cu(II) in Water, Biological, and Agricultural Samples and its Determination by Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

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A new and selective Cu(II) ion imprinted polymer was prepared by formation of 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol complex for selective extraction and preconcentration of Cu ions. Polymerization was performed with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as a crosslinking monomer and methacrylic acid as a functional monomer in the presence of 2,2′-azobis(isobutyronitrile) as an initiator via a bulk polymerization method. The Cu(II) imprinted polymeric particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and IR spectrometry. The imprint Cu ion was removed from the polymeric matrix using 2 M HNO3. Optimum pH for maximum sorption was 5–8. Maximum sorbent capacity and the enrichment factor for Cu(II) were 11.3 mg/g and 100, respectively. The RSD and LOD of the method were evaluated as ±4.3% and 8.7 ng/L, respectively. The proposed method is simple, highly selective, and sensitive and can be applied to the determination of ultratrace amounts of Cu in water, biological, and agricultural samples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Department of Chemistry, Yazd, Iran

Publication date: July 1, 2014

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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