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Determination of Multiresidue Pesticides in Green Tea by Using a Modified QuEChERS Extraction and Ion-Trap Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

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The pesticide residues in exported and imported tea products must not exceed the maximum residue limits (MRLs) regulated by the import countries. Tea is a complex matrix that obfuscates the determination of pesticide residues. Many available methods for multiresidue pesticide analysis of tea are time-consuming and require many cleanup steps. The objective of this study was to develop a simple multiresidue method by using a modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) extraction and ion-trap GC/MS/MS, which can identify, confirm, and quantify pesticides in complex matrixes. A tea product was homogenized with water, and the pesticides were extracted with acetonitrile containing 1 acetic acid. The extract was subjected to centrifugation, initial cleanup with dispersive SPE (dSPE), solvent exchange, and final cleanup with dSPE. Diethyl-d10 -parathion and triphenyl phosphate were used as the internal standard and surrogate, respectively. The final extract was injected into an ITQ 700 gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer. Quantitation of individual pesticides was based on matrix-matched calibration curves with a correlation coefficient of >0.9930 for the 22 pesticides selected for the study. The recoveries of the 22 pesticides ranged from 78 to 115, except those for diazinon (130) and malathion (122), with an average RSD of 8.7. The LOD values of all of the pesticides, except for terbufos, were below the MRLs set by the European Union and Japan.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Thermo Fisher Scientific, 2215 Grand Ave Pkwy, Austin, TX 78728. 2: Thermo Fisher Scientific, Units 702-715, 7/F, Tower West, Yonghe Plaza, No. 28, Andingmen East St, Beijing 100007, China. 3: LabSmith, 4659 Las Positas Rd, Suite C, Livermore, CA 94551.

Publication date: July 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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