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Determination of Pesticide Residues in Lettuce by Gas Chromatography with Electron-Capture Detection

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A sensitive, rapid, and simple multiresidue method for the simultaneous determination of 19 pesticides in different varieties of lettuce (Lactuca sativum) was developed. Lettuce samples were extracted by homogenization with acetone and partitioned into ethyl acetatecyclohexane. Subsequent sample cleanup was not needed. Final determination was made by capillary gas chromatography (GC) with electron-capture detection (ECD). Confirmation analysis of pesticides was performed by GC coupled with mass spectrometry in the selected ion monitoring mode. The average recovery by the GCECD method obtained for these compounds varied from 66.4 to 119.2 with relative standard deviations <7.7. The GCECD method has good linearity, and the detection limit for the pesticides studied varied from 0.1 to 3.8 g/kg. The proposed method was used to determine pesticide levels in different types of lettuce grown in soils from experimental fields.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Instituto Murciano de Investigacin y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), C/Mayor s/n, La Alberca 30150 Murcia, Spain.

Publication date: November 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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