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Detection of Pork in Heat-Processed Meat Products by Monoclonal Antibody-Based ELISA

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An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a monoclonal antibody to a porcine thermal-stable muscle protein was developed for detection of pork in cooked meat products. The assay specifically detects porcine skeletal muscle, but not cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, blood, and nonmuscle organs. No cross-reactivity was observed with common food proteins. Validity of the assay was evaluated with laboratory formulated and commercial meat samples. The detection limit was determined as 0.5% (w/w) pork in heterologous meat mixtures. Overall, intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 5.8 and 7.9%, respectively. The accuracy in analyzing market samples was 100% as verified by product labeling and confirmed by a commercial polycolonal antibody test kit.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Auburn University, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Auburn, AL 36849-5606.

Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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