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BRT's Influence on Public Transport Improvements in Indonesian Cities

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The introduction of the Jakarta Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, TransJakarta, in 2004, set a new precedent for public transport services in Indonesia. To date, though, the promise of BRT remains below that achieved in other countries. Along with TransJakarta's rapid expansion to eight corridors, institutional shortcuts taken have resulted in basic operational problems that cause severe overcrowding. Beginning in 2005, the national government has worked to develop bus-based projects in other Indonesian cities that have adopted some elements of the BRT model. As of 2010, projects are underway in Batam, Bogor, Yogyakarta, Pekanbaru, Manado, Bandung, Palembang, and Gorontalo. These systems lack crucial BRT components, such as dedicated median busways and easy boarding. While the attention to public transport is welcome, these systems would benefit from a more passenger-based approach to service, a sustainable financial model, and priority in congested areas.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, New York. 2: Centre for Transportation and Logistics Studies (PUSTRAL), Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Publication date: October 13, 2010

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  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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