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Open Access Motivational Interviewing for Parent-child Health Interventions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Purpose: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a patient-centered approach focusing on building intrinsic motivation for change. This paper presents a meta-analysis of parent-involved MI to improve pediatric health behavior and health outcomes. Methods: Study inclusion criteria: (1) examined modifiable pediatric health behaviors (< 18 years old); (2) used MI or motivational enhancement; (3) conducted a randomized controlled trial with a comparison group (non-MI control or active treatment group); (4) conducted the intervention with only a parent or both a parent and child; and (5) were written in English. Twenty-five studies (with 5,130 participants) were included and independently rated. Weighted mean effect sizes, using random-effects assumptions, were calculated. Results: Relative to comparison groups, MI was associated with significant improvements in health behaviors (e.g., oral health, diet, physical activity, reduced screen time, smoking cessation, reduced second hand smoke) and reduction in body mass index. Results suggest that MI may also outperform comparison groups in terms of dental caries, but more studies are needed. MI interventions were more successful at improving diets for Caucasians and when the intervention included more MI components. Conclusions: Our findings provide support for providing motivational interviewing to parents and children to improve pediatric health behaviors.

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Keywords: HEALTH BEHAVIORS; META-ANALYSIS; MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEWING; ORAL HEALTH; PEDIATRICS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Policy and Health Services Research, Boston University, Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Mass., USA. [email protected] 2: Department of Psychology, Roger Williams University, Bristol, R.I., USA 3: Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, R.I., USA; Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, R.I., USA; Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, R.I., USA

Publication date: May 1, 2015

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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