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Sodium Hypochlorite Vs Formocresol as Pulpotomy Medicaments in Primary Molars: 1-year Follow-up

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Purpose: The study evaluated the effects of 3 percent sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and formocresol (FC) as pulp dressing agents in pulpotomized primary molars. Methods: One hundred children between three and six years each with at least one primary mandibular second molar requiring pulpotomy were randomly allocated to two groups (of 50 each). All the teeth received stainless steel crown after conventional pulpotomy procedure with either NaOCI (applied for 15 second) or FC (applied for one minute). Clinical and radiographic signs/symptoms were blindly recorded at zero, six. and 12 months. The differences were statistically analyzed using the Fisher's exact test. Results: At six months, 100 percent clinical success was found with both NaOCl, and FC. Radiographic success rates for NaOCl were 98 percent and 92 percent at 6- and 12-month recalls respectively. FC group showed 94 percent and 93 percent radiographic success rates at the same periods respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: NaOCl can be suggested as a pulpotomy agent for primary teeth pulpotomies. However further clinical studies with long-term follow-ups are needed to test the efficacy of NaOCl as a pulpotomy medicament in primary teeth.
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Keywords: FORMOCRESOL; PRIMARY TEETH; PULPOTOMY; SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Dental Material Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 2: Oral & Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. [email protected] 3: Prosthodontic Department, School of Dentistry, at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 4: Oral & Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Publication date: 01 July 2013

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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