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Development of the Self-efficacy Scale for Maternal Oral Care

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Purpose: This study's purpose was to develop a task-specific self-efficacy scale for maternal oral care (SESMO) with reliability and validity. Methods: A draft scale consisting of 36 items was designed and tested on 119 mothers at a dental clinic. Item analysis was performed to improve its accuracy by reducing the number of items. Internal consistency and test and retest stability were investigated. Concurrent validity was tested by examining associations of the SESMO score with the: general self-efficacy scale (GSES) score; number of decayed teeth; and frequency of tooth-brushing for children. Construct validity was examined by comparing the SESMO scores between mothers of children with caries at initial visit (Group 1) and those continuing regular dental checkups (Group 2). Results: The item analysis selected 16 items for the SESMO. Alpha coefficient of the SESMO was 0.82. Significant correlation was observed between tests and retests (r=0.74). There were significant associations between the SESMO score and GSES score (r=0.39); number of decayed teeth (r=-0.33); and frequency of brushing children's teeth (r=0.66). Group 2 had a significantly higher SESMO score than Group 1 (P<.001). Conclusions: The SESMO showed high reliability and validity. This scale might endure with research applications in pediatric dental practice.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Epidemiology and Health Care Research, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. [email protected] 2: Department of Oral Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan 3: Nagayama Family Dental Clinic, Hokkaido, Japan 4: Department of Periodontology and Endodontology, Division of Oral Health Science, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan 5: School of Psychological Science, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Hokkaido, Japan 6: Division of Disease Control and Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Oral Growth and Development, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Hokkaido, Japan

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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