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The Association Between Antibiotics Usage in Early Childhood and Early Childhood Caries

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Purpose: The objectives of this study were to learn if the intake of systemic antibiotics during the first year of age (period of primary teeth development) was associated with an increased risk for early childhood caries during the following years; and after the first year of age (following the formation of primary teeth) was associated with a lower risk for early childhood caries during the following years. Conclusions: Children who used systemic antibiotics during the first year of age had a significantly greater risk for early childhood caries (ECC) during follow-up compared to children who did not use antibiotics. After the first year of life, only children who used systemic antibiotics at 13 to 18 months old showed a significant increase in the risk of ECC. A child's racial background was a determining factor in the association between antibiotic intake and ECC.
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Keywords: CARIOLOGY; INFANT ORAL HEALTH/EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES; PUBLIC HEALTH/EPIDEMIOLOGY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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