Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Microleakage and Bond Strength of Sealant to Primary Enamel Comparing Air Abrasion and Acid Etch Techniques

Buy Article:

$37.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of air abrasion (KCP 2000), acid etching (37% phosphoric acid), and the combination of both procedures on the shear bond strength and microleakage of a light-cured pit-and-fissure sealant to the enamel of human primary molar teeth.

Methods: Noncarious extracted human primary molars were randomly divided into 4 groups in preparation for enamel bonding. The enamel surface was treated as follows for each group: (1) group 1 (control group); (2) group 2 (acid etch group); (3) group 3 (KCP [Kinetic Cavity Preparation System] group); and (4) group 4 (KCP and acid etch group). Delton, a light-cured pit-and-fissure sealant, was then applied to the occlusal surface after conditioning. The bonded specimens were maintained in distilled water at 37°C±2°C for 7 days, after which they were subjected to thermocycling followed by shear bond testing. Microleakage was determined by immersing the prepared teeth in 50% silver nitrate dye followed by sectioning and calculation of dye penetration.

Results: The mean shear bond strength of the KCP+acid etch group exhibited nearly 50% higher bond strength than the acid etch group (P<.01). In addition, specimens bonded to enamel conditioned only with acid etch exhibited bond strengths that were nearly twice that of those conditioned with the KCP system alone. No significant difference was noted between the air abrasion and control groups.

Conclusions: In primary teeth, air abrasion combined with acid etching appears to provide the best conditions for enamel treatment prior to sealant placement.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more