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Idiopathic Gingival Fibromatosis in a Pediatric Patient

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Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis (IGF) is a rare, benign, slow-growing proliferation of the gingival tissues involving both maxillary and mandibular gingiva. It is exacerbated during the eruptive phase of both primary and permanent dentitions. The purpose of this article is to report the case of a 10-year-old boy who presented with IGF whose gingival enlargement covered the occlusal surfaces of many teeth and displaced the erupting dentition, compromising the patient's cosmetics, function, speech and development. The treatment involved gingivectomy and gingivoplasty, combining both surgical and laser methods. The case showed remarkable esthetic and functional im provement, without signs of recurrence one year post-treatment.

Keywords: CHILD; GINGIVAL FIBROMATOSIS; IDIOPATHIC GINGIVAL FIBROMATOSIS; PERIODONTICS

Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Dr. Abraham, Professor and Head, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam 2: Dr. Ambooken, Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam 3: Dr. Mangalathu, Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam 4: Dr. Jose, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Modakkallur, Kerala, India 5: Dr. Mathews, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India

Publication date: January 1, 2022

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  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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