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Diagnosis, Management and Follow-Up of a Rare Regional Developmental Disorder: Segmental Odontomaxillary Dysplasia

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Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia (SOD) is a rare craniofacial developmental disorder. Clinical features include abnormal growth and maturation of bone, premolar agenesis, delayed eruption of permanent molars, and unilateral posterior maxillary enlargement. Radiographic features include altered bone trabeculae, reduced maxillary sinus, pulp stones, and spontaneous resorption of primary molars. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a seven-year-old boy who presented with dental pain, erythema of the soft tissues of the right maxillary quadrant, severely infra-occluded primary molars and bony expansion of the maxilla. Surgical exploration under general anesthesia preceded removal of the infraoccluded primary molars and histopathological examination of atypical alveolar bone. The unerupted teeth were examined, mobilized, and left in situ. Following stabilization, a removable prosthesis was constructed to aid esthetics. A comprehensive approach to treatment is indicated in such cases.
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Keywords: DENTAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER; ORAL PATHOLOGY; PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY; SEGMENTAL ODONTOMAXILLARY DYSPLASIA

Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Dr. Heggie is a dental core trainee, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Liverpool University Dental Hospital, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom;, Email: [email protected] 2: Dr. Gartshore is a senior lecturer and honorary consultant, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Publication date: January 1, 2020

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  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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