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Prevalence of Erosive Tooth Wear and Related Risk Factors in Adolescents: An Integrative Review

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Purpose: Dental erosion has become increasingly frequent in adolescents and is considered an oral health problem in this phase of life. Several factors have been associated with the development of dental erosion in adolescents, including lifestyle, socioeconomic status, and risk behaviors. We performed an integrative review of the prevalence of dental erosion and associated factors in adolescents.
Methods: We analyzed studies, published between 2008 and 2018, available in Portuguese, English and Spanish, about the prevalence of and factors associated with dental erosion in adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age. Methodological quality was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skill Program. The eligibility criteria defined the selection of articles available through searches of the LILACS, PubMed®, and MEDLINE databases conducted between July and September 2018.
Results: Among the 503 articles retrieved during the initial search, 471 did not meet the inclusion criteria. Among the 32 selected studies, five found no factors significantly associated with dental erosion and 27 found significantly associated factors, such as sociodemographic characteristics, diet, age, and others.
Conclusions: The prevalence of dental erosion in adolescents was considered high and associated with lifestyle, diet, and sociodemographic and economic characteristics.
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Keywords: ADOLESCENTS; DENTAL EROSION; PUBLIC HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Dr. Pedrosa is a graduate student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco, Tabatinga, Camaragibe, Pernambuco, Brazil;, Email: [email protected] 2: Dr. de Menezes is an associate professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco, Tabatinga, Camaragibe, Pernambuco, Brazil

Publication date: January 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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