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Oral Rehabilitation of a Child with Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia

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Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a genetic condition characterized by abnormal development of two or more structures of the ectoderm, such as skin, hair, nails, teeth, or sweat glands. The most common dental anomalies are oligodontia and anodontia but taurodontism has also been described. These patients present a decrease of alveolar bone volume and alveolar ridge tapering due to congenitally missing teeth. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a six-year-old girl diagnosed with HED who presented with conical teeth, taurodontic molars, and multiple agenesis that decreased the patient's self-esteem and social interactions. The proposed treatment was to accomplish an oral rehabilitation that was functional, provided the patient with the ability for correct mastication, good esthetics, and comfort, using restorations and devices that did not interfere with the child's orofacial growth and development. (J Dent Child 2019;86(3):158-63)
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Keywords: DENTAL ANOMALIES; HYPOHIDROTIC ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA; PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY

Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Dr. Torres, PhD candidate and staff dentists, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil;, Email: [email protected] 2: Dr. Reis is an associate professor, Department of Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 3: Dr. Queiroz, associate professors, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 4: Dr. Stuani, associate professors, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 5: Dr. Mira is a Master's degree candidate, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 6: Mr. Ferreira is a dental student, School of Dentistry, University of Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 7: Dr. Gomes-Silva, PhD candidate and staff dentists, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 8: Dr. Ramos is a professor, Department of Genetics, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 9: Dr. Huber is an attending physician, Clinical Hospital, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil 10: Dr. Borsatto is a professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: September 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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