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Prevalence of Oral Habits of Schoolchildren in the Mixed Dentition in Dharan, Nepal

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Purpose: To determine the prevalence of oral habits in the mixed dentition of schoolchildren in Dharan, Nepal and compare this prevalence between sexes, races, and age.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 830 schoolchildren of 10 randomly selected schools in Dharan. The presence or absence of oral habits was determined using a structured questionnaire, and an oral examination of the children was carried out under natural light. A chi-square test was used to compare the association of oral habits with age, sex and race.
Results: The most prevalent oral habit was tongue thrusting (39.6 percent), while the habit of biting objects was the least prevalent (0.8 percent). Mouth-breathing was statistically significant for sex (P = 0.010), whereas biting objects (P = 0.035) and self-inflicting habits (P = 0.005) were statistically significant for race. Lip sucking (P ≤0.001) and lip-biting habits (P = 0.001) were statistically significant for age.
Conclusion: These findings highlight the importance of periodic screenings and timely referral for the early detection of oral habits and its associated effect on the developing occlusion.
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Keywords: MIXED DENTITION; ORAL HABITS; PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY; PREVALENCE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Dr. Agrawal is a consultant, Government Hospital, Birgunj, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Surgery, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal;, Email: [email protected] 2: Dr. Koirala is a professor and head, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Surgery, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal 3: Dr. Dali is an associate professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Surgery, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal 4: Dr. Shrestha is an assistant professor, all in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Surgery, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal 5: Dr. Bhagat is an associate professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, College of Dental Surgery, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal 6: Dr. Niraula is a professor, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Publication date: May 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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