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Oral Anomalies In Newborns: An Observational Cross-Sectional Study

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Purpose: To determine the prevalence of oral anomalies in newborns and the influence of maternal and neonatal factors on the development of these anomalies.
Methods: Four hundred newborns were included in the study conducted at the Hospital and Maternity Dom Orione (HMDO) in the city of Araguaína, Tocantins, Brazil. After collecting demographic data and information about the newborns from the medical records, an oral examination was performed by a single examiner.
Results: The prevalence of oral anomalies was 50 percent. Cysts of the oral cavity were the most prevalent anomalies (43 percent), with palatine cysts (26 percent) and alveolar cysts (23 percent) being the most common. Ankyloglossia was present in nine percent of newborns, and congenital eruption cysts and neonatal teeth were present in 0.5 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively. No statistically significant correlation was observed between the prevalence of palatine cysts, alveolar cysts, or ankyloglossia and maternal or neo-natal factors.
Conclusion: Oral anomalies in newborns are not uncommon, making essential the presence of a dentist, especially a pediatric dentist, in the multidisciplinary team of hospitals and maternal wards.
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Keywords: ANOMALIES; NEONATE; NEWBORN; ORAL MANIFESTATIONS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Dr. de Oliveira is a professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Tocantins Institute President Antonio Carlos (UNITPAC), Araguaína, Tocantins, Brazil;, Email: [email protected] 2: Dr. Duarte is a professor, School of Dentistry, Paulista Association of Dental Surgeons (APCD/FAOA), São Paulo, Brazil 3: Dr. Diniz is an assistant professor, Department of Post-graduate Program in Dentistry, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: May 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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