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Effect of Caregiver's Race and Ethnicity on Acceptance of Passive Immobilization for Their Child's Dental Treatment

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Purpose: To determine if caregivers' race and ethnicity impact their willingness to accept passive immobilization for their child's dental treatment and to determine if a detailed description of passive immobilization will make caregivers more likely to accept the technique.
Methods: Caregivers of one- to 11-year-old patients were recruited in a university pediatric dental clinic. They completed two surveys and reviewed a written and pictorial description of passive immobilization.
Results: A total of 266 caregivers participated. Subjects were willing to accept passive immobilization at the following percentages by race/ethnicity: Hispanic (84 percent); African American (66 percent); Asian (50 percent); and non-Hispanic Caucasian (24 percent). There was a significant association between a caregiver's race and ethnicity and the willingness to consent to passive immobilization (P =.000), and in willingness to accept passive immobilization after reviewing its detailed description (P =.000).
Conclusion: Differences in acceptance of passive immobilization were observed based upon race and ethnicity. African American and Hispanic caregivers were more willing to accept the technique than their Asian and non-Hispanic Caucasian counter- parts. Caregivers were more likely to accept the use of passive immobilization after they were given more information about the technique. (J Dent Child 2019;86(1):3-9) Received May 30, 2018; Last Revision August 3, 2018; Accepted August 7, 2018.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Clinical assistant professor, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA., Email: [email protected] 2: Professor emerita, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA. 3: Research assistant professor, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA. 4: Clinical professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA.

Publication date: January 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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