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Free Content Marginal Microleakage of Two Fissure Sealants: A Comparative Study

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Purpose: An in vitro study was conducted to evaluate enamel marginal microleakage following acid etching of two fissure sealants of established clinical efficacy. The purpose of this study was to assess sealant leakage following etching in combination with the use of latest-generation adhesives.

Methods: Clinicians removed 22 human premolars without caries for orthodontic reasons, stored them in distilled water, and sealed the occlusal surface. They used sealants Concise (3M) and Dyract seal (Dentsply DeTrey). They randomly distributed the premolars into two groups (N = 11) according to sealant used. The materials were manipulated according to the instructions of the manufacturer, and no invasive enamel preparing technique was used (enameloplasty). Staining was carried out with 2% fuchsin. The results were evaluated by the Mann-Whitney nonparametric test for the comparison of independent data samples.

Results: Concise sealant was seen to produce significantly greater marginal leakage than Dyract seal (P=.02).

Conclusions: The application of an adhesive layer beneath the sealant afforded less microleakage than when no adhesive was used. Nevertheless, despite the possibility of combining adhesives and sealant resins, with good bonding between both components over the entire fissure interface, microleakage was still observed, regardless of the material used. This suggests that presently there is no material is able to secure total sealing of the space between the material used and the dental tissue.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • Acquired after the merger between the American Society of Dentistry for Children and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry in 2002, the Journal of Dentistry for Children (JDC) is an internationally renowned journal whose publishing dates back to 1934. Published three times a year, JDC promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. It covers a wide range of topics related to the clinical care of children, from clinical techniques of daily importance to the practitioner, to studies on child behavior and growth and development. JDC also provides information on the physical, psychological and emotional conditions of children as they relate to and affect their dental health.
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