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Open Access Effect of Caloric Restriction on Metabolic Dysfunction of Young Rapacz Familial Hypercholesterolemic Swine (Sus scrofa)

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The Rapacz familial hypercholesterolemic (FH) swine model is well-characterized and used for studies of both spontaneous and inducible atherosclerosis but has not been used for studies of metabolic dysfunction to date. We examined whether parameters of metabolic syndrome including weight and adiposity, serum cholesterol, and glucoregulatory function could be modulated by restriction of caloric intake in the FH swine. Three groups of FH swine (n = 6 per group) were fed without restriction (AL), 80% of AL caloric intake, or 60% of AL caloric intake for 8.8 ± 0.5 mo beginning 2 wk after weaning. Caloric intake influenced the rate and magnitude of body weight gain and change in adiposity, as determined by dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry. At the conclusion of the study, pigs in the AL group reached a total least-square mean body weight of 94.2 kg and fat mass of 31.1%, whereas those fed 80% AL were 71.6 kg and 24.3% fat, and swine fed 60% AL were 46.1 kg and 14.1% fat. Serum cholesterol was greater in AL than 60% AL pigs at the end of the study. At 10 mo of age, intravenous glucose tolerance testing, performed to assess glucoregulatory function, indicated significant differences in serum glucose clearance profiles and insulin sensitivity between the AL- and 60% AL-fed swine. The AL-fed animals showed almost 5-fold lower insulin sensitivity when compared with animals fed 60% AL caloric intake. These results highlight the value of the FH swine model to study metabolic dysfunction due to changes in caloric intake.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Animal Sciences, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Wisconsin 2: Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Skirball Center for Innovation, New York, New York 3: Department of Animal Sciences, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Wisconsin;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: December 1, 2017

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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