Helicobacter pylori causes severe, rapidly progressive gastritis in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse recipients of congenic splenocytes. The H. pylori-infected and uninfected C57BL/6J and recipient SCID mice were evaluated to detect CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, B cells, apoptotic epithelial cells, and epithelial cell proliferation at postinoculation weeks 5, 6, 8, and 12. Serum was evaluated for anti-H. pylori IgG and IgM. In all H. pylori-infected mice, gastric CD4+ cell scores were increased, compared with scores for uninfected controls. Recipient mice differed, however, according to the source of the transferred CD4+ cells. The CD4+ cell scores for recipients of splenocytes from H. pylori-infected (immune) donors were indistinguishable from those for wild-type donor mice at all time points. In contrast, gastric mucosal CD4+ cell scores did not become significantly high until two weeks after transfer (postinoculation week 6) in recipients of cells from uninfected (naïve) donors. Gastric epithelial apoptosis and the gastric epithelial proliferation zone were significantly (P < 0.05) increased in infected recipient and donor, compared with non-recipient and uninfected mice at postinoculation week 12. Results indicated that CD4 cells are sensitized in vivo and migrate to the gastric mucosa where they induce gastritis in response to H. pylori antigens. Influx of CD4 cells and gastritis are correlated with epithelial proliferation and apoptosis, and suggest that CD4-dependent H. pylori gastritis leads to epithelial damage with attendant proliferative and metaplastic responses.
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Document Type: Research Article
The Ohio State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Columbus, Ohio 43210
October 1, 2003
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Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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