Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access High Mortality Due to Tetrahymena sp. Infection in Laboratory-Maintained Zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio)

Download Article:
(PDF 526.1 kb)
A large colony of laboratory zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio) used in the study of early vertebrate embryogenesis began experiencing acute, unexplained mortality that approached 100% among approximately 30-day-old resident fry. The initial differential diagnosis included ammonia, nitrite, or chlorine toxicosis, as well as iatrogenically induced toxicosis associated with improper sanitation procedures of laboratory equipment. Necropsy of dead and moribund fry prior to fixation revealed swarms of ovoid-shaped, motile, ciliated protozoa with a "spiraling football" motion. Wet mount preparations of various water samples also contained high numbers of similar protozoa. Histologic examination of affected fry revealed numerous, periodic acid-Schiff-positive forms within the body coelom, and epithelial and muscle tissues. The protozoa were consistent morphologically with members of the genus Tetrahymena, which is usually a free-living, nonpathogenic ciliated protozoa in fresh and saltwater environments. Relevant disease associated with Tetrahymena spp. in viviparous fish has been reported as a result of concurrent disease, immunosuppression, or poor water quality conditions. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of an epizootic involving laboratory maintained zebrafish, and the diagnostic course and therapeutic interventions undertaken to alleviate Tetrahymena species-associated clinical disease.

6 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 2: Research Animal Medicine Branch, Intramural Research Division, NICHD, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 3: Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Intramural Research Branch, NICHD, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892

Publication date: August 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more