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Open Access Characterization of Lymphocyte Subsets in the Bronchiolar Lymph Nodes of BALB/c Mice Infected with Cilia-Associated Respiratory Bacillus

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Cilia-associated respiratory (CAR) bacillus is an unclassified, gram-negative, extracellular bacterium that causes chronic respiratory tract disease in rodents. Infected mice develop microscopic lesions characterized by a primary lymphocytic response followed by macrophage and neutrophilic infiltration. To characterize the lymphocytic subsets that respond to CAR bacillus infection, BALB/c mice were inoculated with 10 5 CAR bacillus bacteria. At seven weeks after inoculation, mice were euthanized and the tracheobronchiolar and hilar lymph nodes were collected and stained for cell surface markers to T cells (CD3, CD4, and CD8), B cells (B220, CD5), natural killer (NK) cells (pan-NK) and intracellular interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interferon- (IFN-). Flow cytometric analysis of lymph nodes from CAR bacillus-infected mice revealed 11% increase in frequency of B cells (B220+), 12% increase in the frequency of double-negative (CD4−CD8−CD3+) T cells, and slight increase in the B-1 subset of B cells (B220+CD5+). There was no change in the frequency of NK cells. The CAR bacillus-infected mice had an overall decrease in the frequency of T cells. Intracellular cytokine staining revealed distinct populations of T cells producing IL-10 and IFN-, and IL-10 production from B cells; NK cells were not a substantial source of IFN-. To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of lymphocytic responses and suggestion that B cells and double-negative T cells may be principally responsible for the lesions associated with CAR bacillus infection.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65211

Publication date: August 1, 2002

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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