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Open Access Long-term Colonization Levels of Helicobacter hepaticus in the Cecum of Hepatitis-Prone A/JCr Mice Are Significantly Lower Than Those in Hepatitis-Resistant C57BL/6 Mice

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Helicobacter hepaticus infection causes hepatitis in A/JCr mice but mild or no disease in C57BL/6 mice. Colonization of H. hepaticus in the cecum of experimentally infected A/JCr and C57BL/6 mice was quantified by use of real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis with primers for the H. hepaticus cdtB gene and mouse 18srRNA. Eight-weekold mice were experimentally (n = 48) or sham (n = 24) infected with H. hepaticus, then were necropsied 6 months after infection. Liver specimens from experimentally infected mice had negative results of PCR analysis for H. hepaticus ; thus, real-time quantification was not attempted. Quantitative PCR analysis of H. hepaticus in cecal specimens indicated that C57BL/6 mice were colonized to a greater extent than were A/JCr mice (P < 0.006). Appreciable typhlitis was not observed, but was consistent with that of previous reports; A/JCr mice developed more severe parenchymal necrosis, portal inflammation, and phlebitis in the liver (P < 0.0001), with mild disease observed in infected C57BL/6 mice. Thus, hepatitis in A/JCr mice caused by H. hepaticus infection is associated with significantly lower colonization levels of H. hepaticus in the cecum, compared with those of hepatitis-resistant C57BL/6 mice. Host responses of A/JCr mice that limit cecal colonization with H. hepaticus may have important roles in the pathogenesis of hepatic lesions.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue Building. 16825A, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139

Publication date: October 1, 2001

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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