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Mediation Strategies and Cognitive Modifiability in Young Children as a Function of Peer Mediation With Young Children Program and Training in Analogies Versus Math Tasks

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The effects of a peer-mediation program and training in analogies versus math on mediation strategies, cognitive modifiability, and math were investigated with 78 tutor-tutee dyads. Experimental group tutors (EGT, n = 39) received the Peer-Mediation for Young Children program, whereas control group tutors (CGT, n = 39) received a substitute program. Grade 3 tutors taught kindergarten tutees analogies and math problems. Their interactions were videotaped and analyzed by the Observation of Mediation Interaction scale. Dynamic assessment measures were administered before and after the program. EGT showed higher levels of mediation strategies and cognitive modifiability than did CGT. EGT trained in teaching analogies showed higher mediation strategies and cognitive modifiability than did EGT trained in teaching math. EGT teaching math showed higher levels of mediation strategies than did EGT teaching analogies. EGT showed higher improvement in math than CGT. The findings are discussed in view of the mediated learning experience theory and transfer effects of intervention.
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Keywords: COGNITIVE MODIFIABILITY; DYNAMIC ASSESSMENT; MEDIATED LEARNING EXPERIENCE; PEER MEDIATION; TRANSFER OF LEARNING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 February 2010

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  • Research on the mechanisms of human cognition is leading to a deeper understanding of how the processes of thinking, problem solving, attention, perception, and memory affect learning and have led to effective strategies to enhance learning in educational settings ranging from pre-K to adult education environments. The Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology (JCEP) presents in-depth articles on theory and empirical research as well as current practice and effectiveness of cognitive assessment, cognitive rehabilitation, cognitive education, and psychology around the world. Readers include those in education, cognitive psychology, special education, adult education, educational psychology, school psychology, speech and language, and public policy.
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