The Impact of Chemotherapy on Complications Associated with Mastectomy and Immediate Autologous Tissue Reconstruction
We performed this study to evaluate the impact of chemotherapy on the outcomes associated with immediate autologous tissue reconstruction (IATR) in the treatment of breast cancer. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 received chemotherapy before surgery and Group 2 did not receive chemotherapy. Records were reviewed to identify demographics, comorbidities, histology, and wound healing complications. Groups were compared using Kruskal-Wallis and Fisher exact tests as appropriate. A total of 128 patients were identified: 29 received chemotherapy before surgery (Group 1) and 99 did not receive chemotherapy (Group 2). Group 1 patients were more likely to have diabetes 27 per cent versus 6 per cent (P = 0.005) despite both groups having a mean body mass index of 30. Group 2 patients had less advanced stage disease as expected because they did not receive chemotherapy; 37 per cent of Group 2 patients had stage 0 breast cancer (P < 0.001). The incidence of wound complications was 17 per cent in Group 1 and 12 per cent in Group 2 (P = NS). Preoperative chemotherapy for breast cancer followed by IATR was associated with no increased risk of healing complications. IATR can be offered to patients who require preoperative chemotherapy, and their healing will not be impaired as a result of the chemotherapy.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Publication date: 01 August 2016
More about this publication?
- The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Annual Scientific Meeting
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites