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Measuring Intra-Abdominal Pressure Outside the ICU: Validation of a Simple Bedside Method

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Intra-abdominal pressure measurement is essential to the diagnosis of patients with intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. The most common method for measuring intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is the intravesicular or “bladder” technique, which requires electronic monitoring technology not available on the typical surgical ward. Herein we describe and validate a simple, rapid screening method for bedside IAP measurement using the patient's indwelling urinary catheter and a readily available intravenous tubing extension. Validation of this technique across the clinically important IAP diagnostic spectrum demonstrated acceptable bias (1.6 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval 1.4–1.8) with limits of agreement of 0.36 to 2.8. This demonstrates good agreement between the two IAP methods and validates the bedside technique as a simple, cost-effective, and reproducible method for screening IAP measurements outside of the critical care setting.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Department of Surgical Education, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando, Florida and the 2: Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, Florida

Publication date: 01 September 2008

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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