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Asthma Predictors Influence on Self-management Asthma Education Status

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Objective

The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of adults with active asthma who were most likely to acquire self-management asthma component education.

Methods

We analyzed adult data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)-Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS). Multivariate logistic regression and multivariate linear regression models were used to analyze the association between asthma self-management education and predictors.

Results

Adults who had health insurance (aB = 0.33 [SE = 0.15], p < .05), routine care visits (aB = 0.75 [SE = 0.08], p < .05) and hospitalization (aB = 0.50 [SE = 0.23], p < .05) reported higher asthma education scores. Adults aged 18-34 years were more likely to report inhaler use instruction (aOR = 3.9; 95% CI: 2.5-6.3, p < .05), than older adults aged 65 years and older. Having a formal education, being a woman, and being black increased the likelihood of having a higher self-management score.

Conclusion

Having health insurance, making routine visits, and having asthma episodes were associated with multiple asthma education components which ensures social justice. Asthma control programs need to reexamine asthma education components to make sure they are promoted to persons regardless of their age, education level, or sex.”
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Keywords: adult asthma; asthma education; asthma self-management; social justice

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Studies, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX. 2: Department of Criminal Justice, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX. 3: Department of Sociology & Social Work, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX. 4: Department of Sociology & Criminal Justice, Texas A&M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX.

Publication date: 01 September 2018

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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