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Factors Associated with Sunbed use in Women: the E3N-SunExp Study

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Objectives: In this study, we attempt to describe the profile of sunbed users among cancer-free French women. Methods: E3N is a prospective cohort including 98,995 French women aged 40- 65 years in 1990. In 2008, a specific UV questionnaire was sent to all reported skin cancer cases and 3 controls per case, matched on age, county of birth, and education. We used logistic regression models adjusted for pigmentary traits. Results: Compared with non-users, ever-users of sunbeds were younger (ptrend < .0001), had higher levels of education (ptrend = .0004) and income (ptrend = .002), and were more likely to be divorced/separated (OR = 1.58). They were more likely to be smokers (OR = 1.59) or former smokers (OR = 1.64), had higher alcohol intakes (ptrend = .001), and lower physical activity levels (OR = 0.54), although they had a lower BMI (ptrend = .004) and a thinner body shape (ptrend = .006). Sunbed users were also more likely to report many freckles (ptrend = .01) and sunburns in adulthood (ptrend = .008), to use sunscreen (SPF<8: OR = 2.15), and to renew sunscreen application (sometimes: OR = 1.49). Conclusions: Sunbed use is associated with intentional sun exposure and several unhealthy behaviors. Our findings call for further re- search towards the development of targeted prevention campaigns to reduce sunbed use.
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Keywords: LIFESTYLE; NESTED CASE-CONTROL STUDY; PIGMENTATION; SUN EXPOSURE; SUNBEDS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: CESP. Fac. de médecine - Univ. Paris-Sud, Fac. de médecine - UVSQ, INSERM, Université Paris-Saclay, 94805, Villejuif, France and Gustave Roussy, F-94805, Villejuif, France

Publication date: 01 January 2018

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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