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Demographic Factors Predict Disparities in Number of Assets Youth Possess

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Objectives: This study's purpose was to determine if youth race/ethnicity, youth age and sex, parent income and education, household wealth, family poverty, and family structure were prospectively associated with youth assets in a community-based sample of racially/ethnically and economically-diverse youth and their parents. Methods: Five waves of data were collected annually (2003 to 2008) from youth (N = 1111; Mean age = 14.4 years, SD = 1.6) and their parents using in-person, computer-assisted interviewing methods. Marginal logistic regression models and generalized estimating equations were conducted to assess prospective associations between the demographic factors and the number of assets the youth possessed (more than or less than the median number of 12 assets). Results: Results indicated that 1-parent families (Odds Ratio = 0.62, 95% CIs = 0.50-0.76) lower parental education, (OR = 0.67, CI = 0.48-0.95 and OR = 0.77, CI = 0.61-0.97), and youth age (OR = 0.70, CI = 0.55-0.88 and OR = 0.59, CI = 0.45–0.77) were the only demographic factors that independently, prospectively, and significantly predicted which youth would possess less than the median number of assets. Conclusions: Youth assets may be 1 mechanism that explains the negative effects of some demographic factors, particularly 1-parent families and low-parent education, on youth risk behaviors and health.
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Keywords: HEALTH DISPARITIES; SOCIAL DETERMINANTS; YOUTH ASSETS; YOUTH RISK BEHAVIORS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV;, Email: [email protected] 2: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 3: Kuwait University Health Sciences Center, Kuwait

Publication date: 01 September 2017

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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