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Fall-related Comorbidity and Health Beliefs among Cancer Survivors Participating in a Community-based Exercise Intervention

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Objectives: Health beliefs (HB) and fall and balance-related outcomes were examined following a 26-week community-based exercise intervention among cancer survivors (CS). Methods: Fall and balance-related measures and HB were quantitatively and qualitatively examined during a 26-week intervention among CS (N = 33). Of the 33 participants, 28 consented to an interview about their physical activity (PA) behavior. Results: Participants scored high on balance efficacy (median ± range = 8.68 ± 1.53) and reported high perception of having barriers to PA (mean ± SD = 4.66 ± 0.59). Fall-related measures improved after the 26-week intervention (p = .002). Most cues to action to engage in PA were delivered by a healthcare professional (N = 18). Once enrolled in the intervention, social benefits and access to a program tailored toward CS emerged as motivating factors to engage in PA (N = 12, N = 11, respectively). Conclusions: There is a need to design fall risk reduction programs tailored to CS and to offer these programs in an environment that fits the unique physical and social needs of CS.
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Keywords: BALANCE; CANCER SURVIVORSHIP; FALLS; HEALTH BELIEFS; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Doctoral student, Center for Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyle and Disease Prevention, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA;, Email: [email protected] 2: Emeritus Professor, Center for Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyle and Disease Prevention, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 3: Assistant Professor, School of Science and Technology, University of the Southern Caribbean, St. Joseph, Trinidad and Tobago 4: Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Loma Linda, CA 5: Associate Professor, Department of Health and Human Sciences, Seaver College of Science and Engineering, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA

Publication date: 01 September 2017

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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