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Health Behaviors Related to the Use of Drugs among Patients with Epilepsy

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Objectives: We assessed self-medication behaviors and identified factors associated with self-treatment among adults with epilepsy. Methods: We carried out this study on 380 patients with epilepsy using an author-designed questionnaire. Results: Patients who took medication more than once a day were more likely to comply with times of taking medication (p = .009); people using polytherapy were more likely to forget to take their medication (p < .001). Married persons missed a dose of a drug considerably less often than other patients (p = .001). The youngest patients were the least likely to miss drug doses (p = .026). The oldest patients (p = .003) and divorced patients also were more likely to miss doses (p = .003). Conclusions: Persons experiencing epilepsy should be educated on the proper use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs); moreover, their preferences should be considered when types of therapy are prescribed. Patients who deviate from recommended use of medication should report these practices to medical personnel so that potential changes in health status can be addressed properly.
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Keywords: COMPLIANCE; COMPLICATIONS OF NON-ADHERENCE TO MEDICATION REGIMENS; EPILEPSY; SELF-MEDICATION; SELF-TREATMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Medical University of Warsaw, Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Warsaw, Poland., Email: [email protected] 2: Medical University of Warsaw, Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Warsaw, Poland 3: Collegium of Socio-Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland

Publication date: 2017-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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