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Assessing the Effects of Financial Literacy on Patient Engagement

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Objective: We investigated the relationship between financial literacy and patient engagement while considering the possible interaction effects due to patient financial responsibility and patient-physician shared decision making, and the impact of personal attributes. Methods: Participants consisted of an Internet-based sample of American adults (N = 160). Hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship of the study variables on patient engagement. Results: We found that patient financial responsibility (β = -.19, p < .05) and patient-physician shared decision-making (β = .17, p < .05) predicted patient engagement. However, there was no statistically significant relationship between patient financial literacy and patient engagement; moreover, the moderation effects of patient financial responsibility and shared decision making with financial literacy also were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Increasing patient financial responsibility and patient-physician shared decision making can impact patient engagement. Understanding the predictors of patient engagement and the factors that influence financial behaviors may allow for the development of interventions to enable patients to make better healthcare decisions, and ultimately, improve health outcomes.
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Keywords: FINANCIAL LITERACY; PATIENT ACTIVATION; PATIENT ENGAGEMENT; PATIENT FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY; SHARED DECISION MAKING

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Massachusetts College of Health Sciences, Lowell, MA, USA. [email protected] 2: Walden University School of Health Sciences, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Publication date: 2016-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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