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Social and Environmental Factors Related to Smoking Cessation among Mothers: Findings from the Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) Study

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Objectives: The current study examined associations between race/ethnicity and psychosocial/environmental factors with current smoking status, and whether psy- chosocial/environmental factors account- ed for racial/ethnic differences in smok- ing status in a population-based sample of mothers in California.

Methods: Cross-sec- tional data from 542 women with a history of smoking were used. Analyses adjusted for age, partner status, and educational attainment.

Results: In models adjusted for sociodemographics, black women had significantly lower odds, and Latina im - migrants had significantly higher odds of being a former smoker compared to white women. Persons smoking in the home, having a majority of friends who smoke, having perceptions of their neighborhood as being somewhat or very unsafe, low income and experiencing food insecurity were associated with decreased odds of being a former smoker. When these vari- ables were entered into a single model, only being a Latina immigrant and having a majority of friends who smoke were sig- nificantly associated with smoking status.

Conclusions: Black women demonstrated a notable disparity compared with white women in smoking status, accounted for by psychosocial/environmental factors. Immigrant Latinas demonstrated notable success in ever quitting smoking. Social networks may be important barriers to smoking cessation among women.
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Keywords: DISPARITIES; MATERNAL SMOKING; RACE/ETHNICITY; SMOKING CESSATION; WOM- EN

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Texas at Austin, School of Social Work, Austin, TX, USA 2: University of California, San Francisco, Department of Family and Community Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA 3: Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN

Publication date: 01 November 2015

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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