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Integration von ökologischem Wissen in die Raumplanung - Das Beispiel Alpweiden im Glarnerland

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Only by integrating ecological knowlegde can spatial planning become more sustainable. The case study identifies the kind of ecological knowledge necessary for a succesful integration. The main methodological issue appears to be the different spatial scales at which the two disciplines - ecology and planning - work. Methods available for grassland mostly scale up from small-scale research in ecology to larger scales in planning. For alpine pastures, we suggest a new method by subdividing planning zones into smaller areas according to ecological criteria based on scientific results. Four example areas that are, or, are not, suitable for use as alpine pasture can be distinguished using ecological criteria derived from maps, aerial photographs and inventories. A subdivision of the pastures into zones suitable for a more specific form of management (e.g. type of manuring) entails detailed knowledge of the area and additional field research. We suggest using this in the spatial planning of communities and link it to management at the farm level by integrating the local knowledge of farmers.
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Keywords: ALPINE PASTURE; CASE STUDY; ECOLOGICAL CRITERIA; SCALING METHOD; SPATIAL PLANNING; SUSTAINABLE LAND USE; SWISS ALPS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 June 2004

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  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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