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Umwelt, Bewußtsein und Handeln: eine ökonomische Analyse

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The discussion in environmental policy seems to mark time since quite a while. From the economic theory it is well known that the reasons for environmental problems are based on market failures and that market-oriented policies are economically more efficient and ecologically more powerful than regulatory policies.

But to the present day the introduction of market-oriented policies mostly failed. In practice the overwhelming part of the environmental policy is still based on regulations, and the global and local situation of the environment is even worse than a few years ago the environmental discussion arose and with it the expansion of environmental policy. In this article the authors pursue two different goals:

First they want to identify the reasons for the failure of such market-oriented policies in the political process.

There exist two different kinds of reasons two different fields of economic theory, psychological and political economics, deal with.

Second they introduce a model, that will show how the introduction of higher-ranking principles may improve the chances of market-oriented instruments in the political process.
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Keywords: ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES; HIGH-RANKING PRINCIPLES; INCENTIVES; INDIVIDUAL COOPERATION; MARKET-ORIENTED INSTRUMENTS; PSYCHOLOGICAL ECONOMICS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 1994

More about this publication?
  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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