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Of Firstfruits and Social Fixtures: How Didache 13 Uses Torah to Reform Roman Patronage

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Der Artikel vertritt die These, dass Did. 13 (über die Versorgung von Propheten) die Bestimmungen der Tora über die Erstlingsgabe aufgreift, um die soziale Hierarchie des römischen Patronatssystems umzukehren, was zur Umstrittenheit der Leitungsstruktur in der Gemeinde der Didache führt. Im ersten Teil wird Did. 13 mit Cicero und Seneca verglichen, um zu zeigen, dass die Erstlingsgabe an die Propheten eine Form des Patronats ist. Der zweite Teil widmet sich der Frage, wie die herkömmliche Sozialstruktur des Patronatssystems durch die Bestimmungen der Tora ins Gegenteil verkehrt wird. Im dritten Teil wird behauptet, dass die Unterstützung der Propheten zu Konflikten um die Leitung (durch Propheten und Bischöfe) in der Gemeinde der Didache geführt hat.
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Keywords: CICERO; DIDACHE; FIRSTFRUITS; PATRONAGE; PROPHETS; SENECA; TORAH

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2017-06-01

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  • The journal is concerned with early Christianity as a historical phenomenon. Thereby, Early Christianity aims to overcome certain limitations which have hindered the development of the discipline, including the concept of the "New Testament" itself. The journal, then, is taken to cover not only the first Christian century but also the second.

    This journal will not, however, give any special prominence to reception-history or to the second century. The total phenomenon called "early Christianity" comprises a kaleidoscopic range of individual phenomena, including communal structures, social norms, discursive practices, points of conflict, material remains, and much else – far more than just the production and reception of texts. This journal will strive to reflect this multiplicity of contexts, in the expectation of new light on our subject-matter from a variety of angles.

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